What was happening in the English-speaking world?
- The first census is held.
Another Act of Union joins the Kingdom of Ireland to England and Scotland, and the Union Flag sees the addition of the diagonal red cross.
- The first practical steamboat towed two barges along the Forth and Clyde Canal.
- Matthew Flinders completes the first circumnavigation of Terra Australis.
- A settlement is founded at Risdon on the Derwent River in Van Diemen's Land. Later the settlement (to become Hobart) is moved across the river to Sullivan's Cove.
At Sydney, the Castle Hill convict rebellion, also known as the Second Battle of Vinegar Hill.
- The battle of Trafalgar.
- The slave trade is abolished.
- The Rum Rebellion.
- Prince George becomes Prince Regent.
- Charles Dickens is born.
The United States declares war on Britain.
- The Duke of Wellington defeats the French army at the battle of Vitoria in Spain.
Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth cross the Blue Mountains.
Matthew Flinders calls the continent 'Australia'.
- The Burning of Washington.
- The Battle of Waterloo.
Humphrey Davy invents the miners' safety lamp.
- Year Without a Summer: Unusually cold conditions wreak havoc throughout the Northern Hemisphere, likely caused by the 1815 explosion of Mount Tambora.
- Jane Austen dies.
The Bank of New South Wales opens.
- Queen Charlotte dies.
Third Anglo-Maratha War ends with the East India Company in control of almost the whole of India.
- The Peterloo Massacre; cavalry charge unarmed people holding a meeting; eleven people are killed.
Stanford Raffles founds Singapore.
- George III dies; George IV becomes king.
- John Constable paints The Haywain.
- Oxley enters Moreton bay and finds Pamphlett, Finnegan and Parsons, who had been living with the Bribie Island people after wrecking on Moreton Island several months earlier.
Oxley enters and charts the Brisbane River for the first time.
- Oxley charts the Brisbane River as far as Colleges Crossing.
Later in the year a penal colony is founded at Redcliff, before moving upriver to the present site of Brisbane.
Lord Byron dies.
- The first public passenger railway, the Stockton and Darlington Railway opens.
- The Catholic Emancipation Act gives Catholics civil rights.
Sir Robert Peel forms the police force.
The whole of Australia is claimed as British territory.
The settlement of Perth is founded.
- Sturt charts the Murray River.
- George IV dies; William IV becomes king.
- The Great Reform Act; seats in parliament are distributed more fairly, and the vote is extended to middle class men.
- Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire.
- Alison's great, great, great grandfather Ryan Brenan, with his wife and two sons, migrates from Limerick to Sydney.
- Bull baiting is banned.
John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner establish a settlement at Port Phillip, now Melbourne.
John Ryan Brenan, Esq. appointed Coroner for the Town of Sydney.
- Charles Darwin on 'The Beagle' visits Sydney, Hobart, and Albany.
In Hobart he crosses the Derwent by a steamboat made in Sydney.
- William IV dies; Victoria becomes queen.